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Multivariate assessment of barriers materials for treatment of complex groundwater rich in dissolved organic matter and organic and inorganic contaminants
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2160-6544, E-ISSN 2213-3437, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 3075-3082Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focused on the challenges of treating groundwater rich in dissolved organic matter and contains both heavy metals and organic pollutants. Activated carbon, fly ash, lignite, peat, torrefied organic material and zero-valent iron were tested as prospective materials for permeable barriers. Removal of different pollutants was analyzed using coefficients of the Freundlich equation for adsorption isotherms. Principal components analysis was used to visualize similarities and differences in pollutant removal efficiency and sorbent capacity between barrier materials. Fly ash, iron (aerobic conditions) and activated carbon were found to be promising materials for dissolved organic matter removal. Fly ash was the most effective material for metal removal, and fly ash, activated carbon and peat were the most effective materials for removal of organic contaminants. Thus, fly ash shows the most potential for simultaneous removal of metals and organic pollutants. However, it has limited capacity for removing neutral halogenated aromatic compounds. For these, zero-valent iron (aerobic conditions) has greater capacity, probably because of the formation of a porous layer of iron oxyhydroxide. In summary, batch adsorption experiments followed by principal components analysis evaluation of the results are useful tools for selecting suitable materials for treatment of groundwater contaminated with multiple organic and inorganic pollutants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 5, no 4, p. 3075-3082
Keywords [en]
Adsorption, Groundwater, Fulvic acids, Permeable barrier, Principal components analysis
National Category
Water Treatment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140660DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2017.06.011ISI: 000411143200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140660DiVA, id: diva2:1149565
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Kozyatnyk, IvanLövgren, LarsTysklind, MatsHaglund, Peter

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