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Protection against cold: a survey of available equipment in Swedish pre-hospital services
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery. (Arcum)
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. (Arcum)
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
2017 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 61, no 10, p. 1354-1360Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The aim of this study was to survey the current equipment used for prevention, treatment and monitoring of accidental hypothermia in Swedish pre-hospital services.

Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all road ambulance services (AS), the helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS), the national helicopter search and rescue service (SAR) and the municipal rescue services (RS) in Sweden to determine the availability of insulation, active warming, fluid heating, and low-reading thermometers.

Results: The response rate was 77% (n = 255). All units carried woollen or polyester blankets for basic insulation. Specific windproof insulation materials were common in the HEMS, SAR and RS units but only present in about half of the AS units. Active warming equipment was present in all the SAR units, but only in about two-thirds of the HEMS units and about one-third of the AS units. About half of the RS units had the ability to provide a heated tent or container. Low-reading thermometers were present in less than half of the AS and HEMS units and were non-existent in the SAR units. Pre-warmed intravenous fluids were carried by almost all of the AS units and half of the HEMS units but infusion heaters were absent in most units.

Conclusion: Basic insulation capabilities are well established in the Swedish pre-hospital services. Specific wind and waterproof insulation materials, active warming devices, low-reading thermometers and IV fluid heating systems are less common. We suggest the development and implementation of national guidelines on accidental hypothermia that include basic recommendations on equipment requirements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 61, no 10, p. 1354-1360
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140731DOI: 10.1111/aas.13002ISI: 000412533500014PubMedID: 28940249OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140731DiVA, id: diva2:1150140
Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-10-18 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Henriksson, OttoBjörnstig, UlfSaveman, Britt-IngerLundgren, Peter J.

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