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Association Between Lifestyle Factors and Self-Rated Health Status: A Cross-Sectional Study in Northern Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between lifestyle factors fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, body mass index, and tobacco use, and their association with self-rated health among adults (16-84 years) in Northern Sweden. Unhealthy behaviours are associated with negative effect on one’s perception of health. Self-rated health is relevant to broader concept of public health because it can reflect the states of the human body and mind. Subjective health assessment is a significant and a strong predictor of individual’s health status.

Methods

In 2014, a cross-sectional study “Health on equal terms” was conducted in four counties in Northern Sweden. Sample size was 25.667, with a 50% response rate. Respondents with missing information on any variable used in this study were excluded. The study sample size was 22.900. Participants were aged between 16-84 years. The survey was linked to the Statistics Sweden registry, from where the reliable data originate. Lifestyle index was created from variables fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity, body mass index and tobacco use. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals to explore the impact of lifestyle index on self-rated health.

Results

In adjusted model among men with all assessed healthy behaviours, namely fruit and vegetable intake, body mass index, no tobacco use, the results present 12.12 higher odds to rate health as good, compare to no healthy behaviours. For women, there are 4.32 times higher odds to report good self-rated health when they have all healthy behaviours compare to no heathy behaviours. The odds of reporting good SRH declines with ageing, women in age group 65-84 years have 17% higher odds of reporting poor health compare to men in the same age group. Having higher level of education is associated with increased odds of rating health as good in both sexes. Higher income increases odds of good SRH in both sexes, slightly more significant for men.- vii -

Conclusions

Individuals with healthier lifestyles reported good self-rated health more often. There is a need for implementing health promotion interventions in the society. This should be considered when reforming the health policies in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 23
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2017:11
Keywords [en]
Lifestyle Factors, Self-Rated Health Status, Association
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141101DiVA, id: diva2:1152491
External cooperation
HLV - Hälsa på lika villkor
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
Presentation
2017-05-23, Natural Sciences building N280, Umeå University, Umeå, 11:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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