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Intimate partner violence against women in Nigeria: A multilevel analysis using evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey 2013
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), a type of interpersonal violence has been recognized as a public health problem with far reaching consequences for the physical, reproductive and mental health of women. Per the ecological model, the experience of IPV is associated with several factors which may be protective against or increase the risk of IPV. These factors operate at different levels, and may be context specific, thus research is needed to improve knowledge and identify factors that are peculiar to different contexts, so as to guide design of feasible and effective interventions that are tailored to different contexts. This thesis therefore aims to examine the association of individual and community level characteristics with the experience of IPV in the Nigerian context, to identify which factors are protective against or increase the risk of IPV against women.

Methods: This study was designed as a cross sectional study. Data from ever-partnered women aged 15-49 years who participated in the nationally representative 2013 Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) were used for this thesis. Data was collected by the DHS program using a stratified three stage cluster sampling design from 22,305 ever-partnered women with the DHS domestic violence module which is based on the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS). Community level variables were constructed by aggregating the individual level variables. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed to account for individual and community level factors hypothesized to be associated with experience of IPV.

Results: The results of this study showed that 24.6% of women reported ever experience of at least one form of intimate partner violence (IPV), while 20.2% reported any IPV in the 12 months before the survey. Lifetime prevalence of physical, sexual and emotional violence were found to be 14.4%, 4.8% and 19.2% respectively. About 37% of the total variance in women’s experience of IPV was attributable to differences across communities. When adjusted for individual and community level factors, the variance attributable to the differences across communities was reduced to 27%. After adjusting for all variables included in the model partner’s controlling behaviour and partner’s alcohol use showed the strongest association with experience of IPV. High level of education (tertiary education) among women significantly reduced their odds of experiencing IPV. Community level of women status and community IPV norms were significantly associated with experience of any IPV.

Conclusions: Variations across communities in women’s experience of IPV could be explained by individual and community level factors. Thus to reduce women’s exposure to IPV, there is need to incorporate community level interventions into policies and programmes that address IPV. Interventions to tackle IPV against women should also include men and target social and gender norms for change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 39
Series
centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2017:13
Keywords [en]
IPV, intimate partner violence, women, Nigeria
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141107DiVA, id: diva2:1152531
External cooperation
NDHS - Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
Presentation
2017-05-22, Natural Sciences building N260, Umeå University, Umeå, 14:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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Language
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