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Associations between socioeconomic status and leisure time physical activity among young adults in Northern Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) is a determinant for health. Previous studies suggest that low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with lower amount of PA, and a decline in PA is seen in the transition from adolescence into adulthood. The association between SES and PA has been investigated in a few Swedish studies, where Northern Sweden has been neglected. The aim of this study was to examine if socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in young adults between ages 16-25 in Northern Sweden.

Methods: Swedish young adults aged 16-25 (N=2,948), based on data from the Health on Equal Terms (HLV) questionnaire, were categorized into Non-regular LTPA or Regular LTPA. Associations between SES-variables (student/non-student, income, and education) and LTPA were tested using logistic regression.

Results: The majority (60%) were regularly physically active in their leisure time. Regular LTPA was associated with being a student/having internship (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.36-1.96), belonging to higher income groups (quintile 4 OR=1,55, 95% CI=1.18-2.03; quintile 5 OR=2.23, 95% CI=1.69-2.92) and higher education: secondary education up to 2 years (OR=1.36, 95% CI=1.12-1.66), secondary education up to 3 years (OR=1.91, 95% CI=1.28-2.84) and post-secondary education less than 3 years (OR=2.08, 95% CI=1.27-3.41). No association between co-variates and LTPA was found.

Conclusion: Slight association was found between SES and LTPA in young adults aged 16-25 in Northern Sweden. The influence of SES among adolescents and young adults’ LTPA needs more attention due to its potential of becoming a growing public health issue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 20
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2017:14
Keywords [en]
Socioeconomic status, leisure time physical activity, young adults, Northern Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141110DiVA, id: diva2:1152535
External cooperation
HLV - Hälsa på lika villkor, VLL - Västerbottens läns landsting
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
Presentation
2017-05-23, Natural Sciences building N210, Umeå University, Umeå, 14:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-10-25 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf