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Gender difference in suicidal Ideation and associated factors among schoolgoingadolescents in China:: a cross sectional study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Suicide is a second leading cause of death in adolescents. Therefore, studying the early roots of committing suicide is critical, such as suicidal ideation. As many studies have not focused on gender differences in risk factors of suicidal ideation. To address these issues, the current study examined the epidemiological gender differences of suicidal ideation, the gender differences in potential risk factors of suicidal ideation, and the association between potential risk factors and suicidal ideation in Chinese school-going adolescents.

Method: The data was collected from the Global School-Based Health Survey conducted in 2003 by WHO. The sample included 6621 Chinese adolescents aged from 13 to 15 by selfreport survey. Chi-square tests were used to test the gender differences in suicidal ideation and in potential risk factors of suicidal ideation. Logistic regression models were selected to examine the association between potential risk factors and suicidal ideation.

Results: The prevalence of suicidal ideation in Chinese school-going adolescents was 17.2%, there was a significant difference for the prevalence of suicidal ideation in boys with 14.1% and girls with 20.0%. Some potential risk factors such as having sleeping problems differed in Chinese boys and girls. The effects of socio-demographics (gender), socio-economic status (hunger), psychological factors (sleeping problem, feeling sad) and social factors (lack of parental support, lack of close friends, being bullied) are significant associated with suicidal ideation in Chinese school-going adolescents.

Conclusions: School-going adolescent suicidal ideation is a serious problem in China with gender difference for the prevalence of suicidal ideation in boys and girls. Also, gender differs in some risk factors of suicidal ideation. The associated risk factors of suicidal ideation include: socio-demographics (gender), socio-economic status (hunger), psychological factors (sleeping problem, feeling sad) and social factors (lack of parental support, lack of close friends, being bullied). Effective interventions should be carried out to reduce adolescents´ suicidal ideation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 25
Series
Centre for Public health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2016:46
Keywords [en]
Sucide, adolescents, China, suicidal ideation, gender differences, GSHS
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141293DiVA, id: diva2:1153120
External cooperation
WHO - Chinese Global School-Based Health Survey (GSHS)
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
Presentation
2017-05-22, Dentistry building 9th floor at NUS Romm 933, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-10-27 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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