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Intermolecular bonding in C70 at high pressure and temperature
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics. Jilin Univ, State Key Lab Superhard Mat, Changchun 130012, Jilin, Peoples R China.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0462-6206
2017 (English)In: Carbon, ISSN 0008-6223, E-ISSN 1873-3891, Vol. 125, p. 258-268Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy has been used to analyze intermolecular bonding in solid C70, treated for two hours under pressures in the range 0.8 to 2 GPa at temperatures between 350 and 600 K. The spectra obtained are analyzed in detail with the aim of finding spectral lines characteristic for the monomer C70, the dimer C140, and possibly for higher oligomers. In agreement with earlier studies, several new modes are observed in the NIR Raman spectra, in sharp contrast to what is found in Raman studies using visible light excitation. From the relative intensities of the characteristic dimer stretch line at 88 cm-1 and a mode at 457 cm-1, characteristic for the monomer, a semi-quantitative estimate for the dimer fraction in the material can be found as a function of pressure and temperature. From these results a reaction map, similar to that recently derived for C60, can be drawn. The data obtained indicate that C70 is almost completely polymerized into large, random oligomers (or polymers) after long-time treatment at elevated temperatures (> 500 K) and pressures (>1.2 GPa). The phase diagram of C70 is updated and briefly discussed in the light of this and other recent high pressure studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 125, p. 258-268
Keywords [en]
Fullerenes, C70, high pressure, high temperature, dimer, polymer, intermolecular bond, Raman spectroscopy
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141430DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.069ISI: 000413303500028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141430DiVA, id: diva2:1154603
Note

Supplementary information available at the journal website

Available from: 2017-11-03 Created: 2017-11-03 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

The full text will be freely available from 2019-11-04 09:18
Available from 2019-11-04 09:18

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Sundqvist, Bertil

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