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Immigration - a means to and end or a heart issue?: UKIP's change in party strategy facing Brexit
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose if this longitudinal study is to analyse UKIP’s strategical motivations behind their immigration policy closing in to the Brexit referendum. Text units from UKIP’s all five manifestos has been analysed through quantitative content analysis in order to notice a change in focus of immigration policy in relation to their already established eurosceptic agenda. Changes in frequency of how much immigration is mentioned in a negative fashion in the manifestos is paired with exogenous and endogenous situational determinants. Using Party Strategy Theory (PST) based in Rational Choice Theory, and political parties’ three stages of development, interesting peaks and throughs are explained. The analysis of the empirical data culminated in a graph that shows how immigration becomes a much larger focus in UKIP’s agenda from 2010, while eurosceptic policy decreases in relation to it. Exogenous situational determinants are events such as the EU’s expansion to the east, the refugee crisis and of course the Brexit referendum. Endogenous situational determinants are mainly the change of party leader to Nigel Farage in 2006. These events together with the empirical result is analysed through deciding how the tree stages of the life cycle applies to the party, as well as which goods motivates their policy choices. The goods used in PST are office- vote- and policy seeking goals. These goals also corresponds to certain stages of the life cycle. The conclusion is that UKIP (especially during the leadership of Nigel Farage) used immigration as a vote-seeking strategy in order to gather an increased electoral support for the party both in general elections, but also facing the Brexit referendum.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
UKIP, Party Strategy Theory (PST), BREXIT, Nigel Farage, party institutionalisation, content analysis, the Manifesto Project
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141627DiVA, id: diva2:1156043
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Public Administration
Available from: 2017-11-10 Created: 2017-11-10 Last updated: 2017-11-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf