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Utilising a suite of isotopic and elemental tracers to constrain cryoturbation rates and patterns in a non-sorted circle
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. (Arcum)
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, ISSN 1045-6740, E-ISSN 1099-1530, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 634-648Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The empirical quantification of rates of material movement in cryoturbated soils has lagged behind the physical and chemical characterisation of these materials. We applied a novel suite of elemental (C, Hg), stable isotope (C-13) and radioisotope (Cs-137, Pb-210, C-14, Be-10) tracers in conjunction with analytical and numerical models to constrain the rates and patterns of soil movement due to cryoturbation in a non-sorted circle (NSC) near Abisko, Sweden. We present the first observations of the variability of Be-10 across a patterned-ground feature, which facilitate the interpretation of subsurface peaks in soil organic carbon, Hg and C-13 and provide constraints on the surficial histories of cryoturbated materials. Apparent rates of surficial lateral movement across the NSC estimated from Cs-137 and Pb-210 (0-2.55cm year(-1)) decreased with distance from its centre and were an order of magnitude greater than rates of subduction and subsurface movement estimated from C-14 (0.04-0.27cm year(-1)). Novel estimates of the original surficial residence times of cryoturbated parcels based on excess Be-10 and Hg inventories ranged from 238 to 3940years. Our results demonstrate the utility of the spatially explicit application of elemental and radioisotopic tracer suites to constrain cryoturbation rates in Arctic patterned ground.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 634-648
Nyckelord [en]
cryoturbation, non-sorted circle, Be-10, C-14, Cs-137, Pb-210
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141484DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1944ISI: 000413315700004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-141484DiVA, id: diva2:1158779
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-21 Skapad: 2017-11-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Klaminder, Jonatan

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Permafrost and Periglacial Processes
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