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Temperature dependence of apparent respiratory quotients and oxygen penetration depth in contrasting lake sediments
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. Department of Ecology and Genetics/Limnology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. (Climate Impacts Research Centre (CIRC))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4949-9792
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, ISSN 2169-8953, E-ISSN 2169-8961, Vol. 122, no 11, p. 3076-3087Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lake sediments constitute an important compartment in the carbon cycle of lakes, by burying carbon over geological timescales and by production and emission of greenhouse gases. The degradation of organic carbon (OC) in lake sediments is linked to both temperature and oxygen (O-2), but the interactive nature of this regulation has not been studied in lake sediments in a quantitative way. We present the first systematic investigation of the effects of temperature on the apparent respiratory quotient (RQ, i.e., the molar ratio between carbon dioxide (CO2) production and O-2 consumption) in two contrasting lake sediments. Laboratory incubations of sediment cores of a humic lake and an eutrophic lake across a 1-21 degrees C temperature gradient over 157days revealed that both CO2 production and O-2 consumption were positively, exponentially, and similarly dependent on temperature. The apparent RQ differed significantly between the lake sediments (0.630.26 and 0.990.28 in the humic and the eutrophic lake, respectively; meanSD) and was significantly and positively related to temperature. The O-2 penetration depth into the sediment varied by a factor of 2 over the 1-21 degrees C temperature range and was significantly, negatively, and similarly related to temperature in both lake sediments. Accordingly, increasing temperature may influence the overall extent of OC degradation in lake sediments by limiting O-2 supply to aerobic microbial respiration to the topmost sediment layer, resulting in a concomitant shift to less effective anaerobic degradation pathways. This suggests that temperature may represent a key controlling factor of the OC burial efficiency in lake sediments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington: American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2017. Vol. 122, no 11, p. 3076-3087
Keywords [en]
limnology, sediment, aquatic biogeochemistry, respiration
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142338DOI: 10.1002/2017JG003833ISI: 000418086800024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142338DiVA, id: diva2:1160765
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Gudasz, Cristian

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Department of Ecology and Environmental SciencesArctic Research Centre at Umeå University
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