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Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and associated risk factors among adults aged 18 years and over in Sweden: Study protocol
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Pneumonia infection is still one of the major cause of death worldwide. Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection diagnosed in the intensive care units (ICUs) and in other wards of the hospital that occurs 48 h or more after endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy. There is lacking data in Scandinavian countries regarding associated risk factors of ventilator associated pneumonia. Risk factors identification help for better prevention. This study aims to assess the overall prevalence of VAP and investigate associations between independent risk factors and VAP among adults aged 18 years old and over in Sweden.

Quantitative case-control study is used as a methodology. The study considers the time period of two years (January, 2014 to December, 2016). Description of the sample is presented with absolute numbers and percentages. Prevalence of those diagnosed with VAP and those not diagnosed with VAP is reported for all independent variables in the study. Both absolute numbers and proportion are presented. Chi-square test and a t-test are conducted for categorical and continuous variables respectively and p-values are reported. Logistic regressions models are conducted to assess association between all independent variables and a binary dependent variable whereby those with a positive diagnosis of VAP are coded as one (1) whereas those without a diagnosis of VAP are coded as zero (0).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 29
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2016:45
Keywords [en]
Ventilator-associated pneumonia, VAP, risk factors, adults, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143263OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143263DiVA, id: diva2:1167985
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health (one-year)
Presentation
2016-10-24, Room D, 9th floor Dentistry building, Norrlands University Hospital, Umeå, 11:10 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf