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Indigenous infant mortality by age and season of birth, 1800–1899: did season of birth affect children’s chances for survival?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). (CEDAR ; Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7406-7836
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the influence of season of birth on infant mortality among the Sami and non-Sami populations in northern Sweden during the nineteenth century. The source material is a set of data files from the Demographic Data Base at Umeå University, making it possible to combine age at death (in days), month of death, and month of birth over the course of the entire century. Cox regression models reveal that for the first week of life, season of birth had no influence on the risk of mortality. For the Sami, the results showed that being born during winter was related to a higher risk of neonatal mortality, and being born during summer was related to a higher risk of mortality after six months of age. Furthermore, for the Sami, the neonatal mortality showed a U-shaped pattern with a minimum in June–August, whereas the corresponding pattern among the non-Sami was flatter. The findings shed light on vulnerability in two populations sharing the same environment, but diverging in terms of social, economic, and cultural factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI AG , 2018. Vol. 15, no 1, article id 18
Keywords [en]
indigenous, infant mortality, season of birth, Sami, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Population studies; Historical Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143312DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15010018ISI: 000424121200018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143312DiVA, id: diva2:1168332
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Lena, Karlsson

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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  • de-DE
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