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Externally held water: a key factor for hair lichens in boreal forest canopies
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2017 (English)In: Fungal ecology, ISSN 1754-5048, E-ISSN 1878-0083, Vol. 30, p. 29-38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lichens hold water inside (internal pool) and outside their body (external pool). Yet, external pool size is not known in hair lichens dominating boreal forest canopies. Here we quantify morphological traits and internal/external water in two widespread Bryoria species along Picea abies canopy-height gradients: Bryoria fuscescens at 5-20 m and Bryoria capillaris at 15-20 m. Dry mass and specific thallus mass (STM) of intact B. fuscescens increased with height, while STM of individual branches did not. Maximum water holding capacity (mg H2O cm-2) increased with height, but did not differ between the species. Bryoria had much larger external (79-84% of total) than internal water pools, trapping water by dense clusters of thin, overlapping branches. They thus increase water storage in boreal forest canopies and influence hydrology. High external water storage extends hydration periods and improves lichen performance in upper canopies, and thereby contributes to the success of these hair lichens. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 30, p. 29-38
Keyword [en]
Bryoria, Epiphytic lichens, Specific thallus mass, Morphology, Vertical zonation, Water content, Water holding capacity
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143574DOI: 10.1016/j.funeco.2017.08.003ISI: 000417009400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143574DiVA, id: diva2:1170649
Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Esseen, Per-AndersRönnqvist, Marie

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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