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Longitudinal associations between exercise identity and exercise motivation: a multilevel growth curve model approach
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 746-753Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Past work linking exercise identity and exercise motivation has been cross-sectional. This is the first study to model the relations between different types of exercise identity and exercise motivation longitudinally. Understanding the dynamic associations between these sets of variables has implications for theory development and applied research. This was a longitudinal survey study. Participants were 180 exercisers (79 men, 101 women) from Greece, who were recruited from fitness centers and were asked to complete questionnaires assessing exercise identity (exercise beliefs and role-identity) and exercise motivation (intrinsic, identified, introjected, external motivation, and amotivation) three times within a 6month period. Multilevel growth curve modeling examined the role of motivational regulations as within- and between-level predictors of exercise identity, and a model in which exercise identity predicted exercise motivation at the within- and between-person levels. Results showed that within-person changes in intrinsic motivation, introjected, and identified regulations were positively and reciprocally related to within-person changes in exercise beliefs; intrinsic motivation was also a positive predictor of within-person changes in role-identity but not vice versa. Between-person differences in the means of predictor variables were predictive of initial levels and average rates of change in the outcome variables. The findings show support to the proposition that a strong exercise identity (particularly exercise beliefs) can foster motivation for behaviors that reinforce this identity. We also demonstrate that such relations can be reciprocal overtime and can depend on the type of motivation in question as well as between-person differences in absolute levels of these variables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018. Vol. 28, no 2, p. 746-753
Keywords [en]
longitudinal, motivational regulations, physical activity, self-determination theory
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144818DOI: 10.1111/sms.12951ISI: 000423543600040PubMedID: 28742272OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-144818DiVA, id: diva2:1187611
Available from: 2018-03-05 Created: 2018-03-05 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Stenling, Andreas

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
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More languages
Output format
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