umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Äldre personers erfarenheter av ensamhet: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Older people’s experiences of loneliness : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet människor i Sverige kommer år 2060 vara ca 13 miljoner, i takt med att siffran ökar så kommer även medelåldern och antalet äldre öka. Den sjävskattade hälsan för äldre 65-84 år upplevs i många avseenden som god, bortsett från vissa hjärtkärlsjukdomar och cancersjukdomar som ökar, så som högt blodtryck och lungcancer. Ensamhet har visat sig vara kopplat till ökad sjuklighet hos äldre. Ensamheten beskrivs som komplex, multidimensionell, subjektiv och dubbelsidig.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa äldre personers erfarenheter av ensamhet.

Metod: En litteraturstudie med åtta kvalitativa artiklar som alla belyser äldres beskrivningar av ensamhet. Innehållsanalysen är gjord i flera steg och har kondenserats till tre kategorier och totalt sju underkategorier. Studierna som ingick i denna litteraturstudie är hämtade från databaserna CINAHL och PsychInfo.

Resultat: En kondensering av resultatet har gjorts i följande kategorier;  Ensamhetens nyanser, Ensamhetens orsaker, Lindring av ensamhet.

Slutsats: Ensamheten beskrevs olika mellan individerna i studien, positiva och negativa aspekter av fenomenet återgavs. Resultatet tydde på en brist av kontroll hos individerna med den oönskade ensamheten. Känslan av ensamhet infann sig när det rådde en frånvaro av andra människor. Men kunde upplevas även i andras närvaro. Förluster i olika former beskrevs som en vanlig orsak till ensamhet. Hanteringen av ensamheten skilde sig individer emellan. Den sociala kontakten var något som var viktigt för att motverka känslan av ensamhet.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of people living  in Sweden will be about 13 million in the year 2060, as this number increases the average age and the number of elderly will also increase. The estimated health of the elderly aged 65-84 is experienced in many aspects as well, except for cardiovascular and cancerous diseases such as hypertension and lungcancer. Loneliness has been shown to be associated with increased morbidity in the elderly. Loneliness is discribed as complex, multidimensional, double sided and subjective.

Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight the elderly's experiences of loneliness.

Methods: A review with eight qualitative articles that highlights the elderly's perception of loneliness. Theese have been analyzed in several stages and condensed into three categories and a total of seven subcategories. The studies included in this literature study are taken from the CINAHL and PsychInfo databases.

Results: A condensation of the results has been made in the following categories; Loneliness Complexity, Causes of Loneliness and alleviation of loneliness.

 

Conclusion: Loneliness was described differently between the individuals in the study, positive and negative aspects of the phenomenom were reproduced. The result indicated a lack of control in the individuals with the unwanted loneliness. The experience of loneliness occurred when there was an absence of other persons. Although feelings of loneliness could exist even in the presence of others. Different kinds of losses was often described as a cause of loneliness. The management of loneliness was different between individuals. Something that was important for the management of loneliness was the social contact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
Nuances of loneliness, isolation, losses, double-sided, experience, gerotranscendence
Keywords [sv]
Ensamhetens nyanser, isolering, förluster, dubbelsidig, erfarenheter, gerotranscendens
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-145511DiVA, id: diva2:1188623
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Presentation
2018-01-11, Vårdvetarhuset, Umeå, 09:45 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-03-08 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

By organisation
Department of Nursing
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 70 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf