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Scandinavian SSAI clinical practice guideline on choice of inotropic agent for patients with acute circulatory failure
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4049-8910
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2018 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 62, no 4, p. 420-450Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Adult critically ill patients often suffer from acute circulatory failure and those with low cardiac output may be treated with inotropic agents. The aim of this Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine guideline was to present patient-important treatment recommendations on this topic.

METHODS: This guideline was developed according to GRADE. We assessed the following subpopulations of patients with shock: (1) shock in general, (2) septic shock, (3) cardiogenic shock, (4) hypovolemic shock, (5) shock after cardiac surgery, and (6) other types of shock, including vasodilatory shock. We assessed patient-important outcome measures, including mortality and serious adverse reactions.

RESULTS: For all patients, we suggest against the routine use of any inotropic agent, including dobutamine, as compared to placebo/no treatment (very low quality of evidence). For patients with shock in general, and in those with septic and other types of shock, we suggest using dobutamine rather than levosimendan or epinephrine (very low quality of evidence). For patients with cardiogenic shock and in those with shock after cardiac surgery, we suggest using dobutamine rather than milrinone (very low quality of evidence). For the other clinical questions, we refrained from giving any recommendations or suggestions.

CONCLUSIONS: We suggest against the routine use of any inotropic agent in adult patients with shock. If used, we suggest using dobutamine rather than other inotropic agents for the majority of patients, however, the quality of evidence was very low, implying high uncertainty on the balance between the benefits and harms of inotropic agents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2018. Vol. 62, no 4, p. 420-450
Keywords [en]
low cardiac output, decompensated heart failure, trial sequential analysis, septic shock, cardiogenic shock, levosimendan, dobutamine, surgery, metaanalysis, grade
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145537DOI: 10.1111/aas.13089ISI: 000426998600001PubMedID: 29479665ISBN: 1399-6576 (Electronic) 0001-5172 (Linking) OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-145537DiVA, id: diva2:1189024
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Haney, Michael

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CiteExportLink to record
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