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Patienters erfarenheter av håravfall i samband med cytostatikabehandling vid cancersjukdom: en litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of chemotherapy-induced hair loss among patients with cancer disease. : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt Bakgrund: Cancer är den näst vanligaste dödsorsaken. Cytostatika är en vanlig behandling vid cancersjukdom och hämmar cancerceller från att dela sig, men även de friska cellerna som delar sig under hela livet hämmas, till exempel hårceller. Därför är håravfall en vanlig biverkning av cytostatikabehandling i samband med cancersjukdom. Håravfall upplevs som en traumatisk händelse som påverkar det dagliga livet för den drabbade, fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av håravfall i samband med cytostatikabehandling vid cancersjukdom.

Metod: Denna litteraturstudie baseras på åtta kvalitativa studier. Artikelsökningen genomfördes i Cinahl, PubMed och Scopus. Artiklarna har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts.

Resultat: Patienters erfarenheter av håravfall i samband med cytostatikabehandling beskrivs i fyra kategorier; ‘Psykiska påfrestningar av håravfall’, ‘sociala påfrestningar av håravfall’, ‘tvetydigheten med håravfall’ samt ‘strategier för att hantera håravfall’. Konklusion: Att drabbas av håravfall är påfrestande både psykiskt, fysiskt och socialt, vilket anses orsaka ett utbrett lidande hos de drabbade. Genom att ge ett gott stöd och involvera patienten i sin behandling kan patienterna förhoppningsvis få en ökad förståelse, bemästra situationen och därmed kan lidandet lindras.    Nyckelord: Cancer, cytostatika, håravfall, patienterfarenheter. 

Abstract [en]

Abstract Experiences of chemotherapy-induced hair loss among patients with cancer disease.

Background: Cancer is the second most common cause of death. Chemotherapy is a common treatment for cancer disease and prevent cancer cells from dividing, but that also affect the healthy cells that divides throughout the whole life, for example haircells. Therefore hair loss is a common side effect of chemotherapy among patients with cancer. Hair loss is experienced as a traumatic event that affects the daily life of the affected, physically, mentally and socially. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patient's experiences of chemotherapy-induced hair loss related to cancer disease. Method: This literature review is based on eight qualitative studies. The searching of articles was performed in the databases Cinahl, PubMed, Scopus. The studies were reviewed, analyzed and compiled. Results: Patients experiences of chemotherapy-induced hair loss were described in four categories; ‘Physically distresses of hair loss’, ‘Socially distresses of hair loss’, ‘The ambiguity of hair loss’, and ‘Strategies to manage hair loss’. Conclusion: To be affected by hair loss leads to physically, mentally and socially distress, which may cause suffering for the affected patients. Providing god support and involve the patient in their treatment may hopefully help the patients gain an increased understanding, master the situation and thereby may the suffering decrease. Keywords: Cancer, chemotherapy, hair loss, patient’s experience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Cancer, chemotherapy, hair loss, patient’s experience.
Keywords [sv]
Cancer, cytostatika, håravfall, patienterfarenheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146890OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-146890DiVA, id: diva2:1199804
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-04-22 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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