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Accident analysis to support the development of strategies for the prevention of brain injuries in car crashes
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
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2018 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 117, p. 98-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

2+ injuries. Belted occupants were at lower risks than unbelted occupants for most brain injury categories, including concussions. After controlling for the effects of age and crash severity, belted female occupants involved in frontal crashes were estimated to be 1.5 times more likely to sustain a concussion than male occupants in similar conditions. Belted elderly occupants were found to be at 10.5 and 8 times higher risks for sub-dural haemorrhages than non-elderly belted occupants in frontal and side crashes, respectively. Adopted occupant protection strategies appear to be insufficient to achieve significant decreases in risk of both life-threatening brain injuries and concussions for all car occupants. Further effort to develop occupant and injury specific strategies for the prevention of brain injuries are needed. This study suggests that these strategies may consider prioritization of life-threatening brain vasculature injuries, particularly in elderly occupants, and concussion injuries, particularly in female occupants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 117, p. 98-105
Keywords [en]
Age, Concussion, NASS-CDS, Sex, Subdural haemorrhage, Traumatic brain injuries
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146936DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2018.04.009ISI: 000436888400010PubMedID: 29679852Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045549196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-146936DiVA, id: diva2:1200333
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2018-09-27Bibliographically approved

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Lindkvist, Mats

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