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Åtgärder som kan minska behov av sedering och generell anestesi för barn som undersöks med magnetisk resonanstomografi: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Arrangement that can reduce the need for sedation and generalanesthesia for children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt

Åtgärder som kan minska behov av sedering och generell anestesi för barn som undersöks med magnetisk resonanstomografi

En litteraturstudie

Bakgrund: Barn är en utsatt grupp individer som kan uppleva vården som skrämmande och hotande. Utifrån kognitiv utveckling kan barnen hantera vårdsituationer olika. När barn ska undersökas med magnetkamera används ofta generell anestesi (GA) och sedering. GA och sedering innebär risker som bör beaktas av vårdgivaren.

Syfte: Att beskriva åtgärder som kan minska behov av sedering och generell anestesi för barn som genomgår magnetkameraundersökning.

Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes genom att analysera resultatet från nio kvalitetsgranskade kvantitativa studier.

Resultat: Resultatet är indelat i två domäner. Åtgärder före undersökning och åtgärder under undersökning. Inom varje domän bildades kategorier utifrån vilken typ av åtgärd som studerades.

Konklusion: Resultatet från denna litteraturstudie visar att det finns åtgärder som kan minska antalet tillfällen där generell anestesi eller sedering behöver används. Vilket i sin tur ger röntgensjuksköterskan möjligheter att stärka barnens autonomi när de undersöks med magnetkamera

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Arrangement that can reduce the need for sedation and general anesthesia for children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging

A literature study

Background: Children are an exposed group of individuals who may experience health care as scary and threatening. Based on cognitive development, children can handle situations they confront with very differently. When examining children with magnetic resonance imaging, general anesthesia (GA) and sedation are commonly used. GA and sedation involve risks that should be considered by the healthcare provider.

Aim: To describe arrangement that can reduce the need for sedation and general anesthesia for children undergoing magnetic camera examination.

Method: A literature study was conducted by analyzing the results of nine quality-reviewed quantitative studies. 

Results: The result got divided into two domains; arrangement before magnetic camera examination and arrangement during the examination. Within each domain, categories were formed based on the type of arrangement being studied.

Conclusion: The results of this literature study show that there are arrangements that can reduce the number of occasions where general anesthesia or sedation needs to be used. Which, in turn, gives the radiographer the opportunity to strengthen the child's autonomy when examined with a magnetic camera

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
Children, Magnetic resonance tomography, General anesthesia, Sedation, Radiographer
Keywords [sv]
Barn, Magnetisk resonanstomografi, Generell anestesi, Sedering, Röntgensjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147524DiVA, id: diva2:1204061
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-05-06 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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