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Stråldosreducerande åtgärder för barn som genomgår datortomografiundersökning: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Radiation dose reducing interventions for children undergoing computed tomography : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Datortomografi är en vanlig diagnostisk teknik som baseras på joniserande strålning. Barn är mer känsliga för joniserande strålning än vad vuxna personer är, då cancer hinner utvecklas under livstiden. Därav är det viktigt för röntgensjuksköterskor att ha kunskap om dosreducerande tekniker.

Syfte Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur stråldosen kan reduceras för barn som genomgår datortomografiundersökning, samtidigt som bildkvaliteten bibehålls.

Metod För att besvara syftet till litteraturstudien gjordes sökningar i Pubmed, Cinahl och Academic Search Elite. Resultatet från elva studier analyserades och sammanställdes.

Resultat Resultaten delades in i två domäner; Rekonstruktioner samt Apparatur och Inställningar. Domänerna delades upp i sju kategorier; ADMIRE, ASIR, SAFIRE, ATPS, Apparatur, Protokollinställningar och Skannlängd.

Konklusion Litteraturstudien beskriver ett flertal potentiella stråldosreducerande åtgärder. Röntgensjuksköterskor rekommenderas ha kunskap om dessa åtgärder.

Vidare forskning som jämför stråldosreducerande åtgärder rekommenderas.

Abstract [en]

Background Computed tomography is a common diagnostic technique that is based on ionizing radiation. Children are more sensitive to ionizing radiation than adults, as cancer has time to develop during the lifetime. Hence it is important for radiographers to have knowledge about dose reducing interventions.

Aim The aim of this literature review was to describe how the radiation dose can be reduced for children undergoing computed tomography, while maintaining image quality.

Method To answer the aim of this literature review searches were conducted in Pubmed, Cinahl and Academic Search Elite. The results from eleven studies were analysed and compiled.

Result The results were divided into two domains; Reconstructions and also Equipment and Settings. The domains were further divided into seven categories; ADMIRE, ASIR, SAFIRE, ATPS, Equipment, Protocol settings and Scan length.

Conclusion The literature review describes a number of potential dose reducing interventions. Radiographers are recommended to have knowledge about these interventions. Further research comparing dose reducing interventions is recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 48
Keywords [en]
Computed tomography, children, radiation dose reduction, image quality, radiography, radiographer
Keywords [sv]
Datortomografi, barn, stråldosreducering, bildkvalitet, radiografi, röntgensjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147553OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147553DiVA, id: diva2:1204356
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-05-07 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved

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