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Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function: the prospective ECRHS study
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2018 (English)In: Thorax, ISSN 0040-6376, E-ISSN 1468-3296, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 376-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. Methods: FEV1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations= 11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity >= 2 times and >= 1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV1 and FVC. Results: Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV1 (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV1 and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline. Conclusion: Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV1 and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV1 and FVC decline.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018. Vol. 73, no 4, p. 376-384
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147338DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2017-210947ISI: 000428933000016PubMedID: 29306902OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147338DiVA, id: diva2:1205453
Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Janson, ChristerJarvis, DeborahRaza, WasifSánchez-Ramos, José Luis

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