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Motivational profiles and burnout in elite athletes: A person-centered approach
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2018 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 35, p. 118-125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to assess the link between elite athletes' motivational profiles and burnout using a person-centered approach. Participants were 391 Spanish elite athletes (201 males and 190 females), aged 16-30 years who completed questionnaires measuring demographic information, self-determined motivation, and athlete burnout. Latent profile analysis resulted in a five profile solution labeled: amotivation (Class 1), low motivation (Class 2), moderately autonomous motivation (Class 3), amotivated and moderately controlled motivation (Class 4), and highly motivated (Class 5). While no significant differences were found in emotional/physical exhaustion, Class 4 (amotivated and moderately controlled motivation) scored higher than classes 2 (low motivation), 3 (moderately autonomous motivation), and 5 (highly motivated) on a Reduced sense of Accomplishment and Sport Devaluation. Findings are discussed in relation to Self-Determination Theory, suggesting that the quality of one's motivation may be equally, if not more important than the quantity of motivation in determining subsequent health, well-being, and performance outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 35, p. 118-125
Keywords [en]
Burnout, Self-determination, Elite athletes, Latent analysis
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146154DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.11.009ISI: 000426331600014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-146154DiVA, id: diva2:1205927
Available from: 2018-05-15 Created: 2018-05-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Stenling, Andreas

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