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Gender disparities in first medical contact and delay in ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a prospective multicentre Swedish survey study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Cardiology, Heart Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, no 5, article id e020211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Compare gender disparities in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) regarding first medical contact (FMC) and prehospital delay times and explore factors associated with prehospital delay in men and women separately.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on medical records and a validated questionnaire. Eligible patients were enrolled within 24 hours after admittance to hospital.

SETTING: Patients were included from November 2012 to January 2014 from five Swedish hospitals with catheterisation facilities 24/7.

PARTICIPANTS: 340 men and 109 women aged between 31 and 95 years completed the survey.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: FMC were divided into five possible contacts: primary healthcare centre by phone or directly, national advisory nurse by phone, emergency medical services (EMS) and emergency room directly. Two parts of prehospital delay times were studied: time from symptom onset to FMC and time from symptom onset to diagnostic ECG.

RESULTS: Women more often called an advisory nurse as FMC (28% vs 18%, p=0.02). They had a longer delay until FMC, 90 (IQR 39-221) vs 66 (28-161) min, p=0.04 and until ECG, 146 (68-316) vs 103 (61-221) min, p=0.03. Men went to hospital because of believing they were stricken by an MI to a higher extent than women did (25% vs 15%, p=0.04) and were more often recommended to call EMS by bystanders (38% vs 22%, p<0.01). Hesitating about going to hospital and experiencing pain in the stomach/back/shoulders were factors associated with longer delays in women. Believing the symptoms would disappear or interpreting them as nothing serious were corresponding factors in men. In both genders bystanders acting by contacting EMS explained shorter prehospital delays.

CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI, women differed from men in FMC and they had longer delays. This was partly due to atypical symptoms and a longer decision time. Bystanders acted more promptly when men than when women fell ill. Public knowledge of MI symptoms, and how to act properly, still seems insufficient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 8, no 5, article id e020211
Keywords [en]
adult cardiology, coronary heart disease, ischaemic heart disease, myocardial infarction
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147908DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020211ISI: 000435567200080PubMedID: 29724738Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053119007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147908DiVA, id: diva2:1209016
Available from: 2018-05-21 Created: 2018-05-21 Last updated: 2018-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Ängerud, Karin

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