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Household Bioenergy Transitions with Alternative Biomass Feedstocks and Technologies: An Integrated System to Mitigate Environmental Risks in Western Kenya
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics. (Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6521-4160
(Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory)
(Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory)
(Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1979-8772
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2018 (English)In: Household Bioenergy Transitions with Alternative Biomass Feedstocks and Technologies: An Integrated System to Mitigate Environmental Risks in Western Kenya / [ed] École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, UNESCO, Lausanne, 2018Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Kenya, over 50% of the total primary energy consumption is from traditional solid-fuel cooking, being this a major cause of deforestation and household air pollution (HAP). Western Kenya has an agricultural biofuel feedstock of over 1.9 million Mt, which could be processed to supply cookstoves with crop-residue pellets and improved wood fallows. The sociotechnical viability of two novel bioenergy value chains were analysed using the Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning system. Three scenarios of transition to efficient cookstoves and decentralized biofuel and electricity production systems were tested. In the “Optimal scenario”, the current feedstock in the Kisumu and Siaya counties could satisfy over 80% of the cooking energy demand by 2030. Here, the net greenhouse gas emissions from charcoal production and HAP could be reduced by 87% to 12.6 thousand Mt CO2e. Further work should integrate socioeconomic indicators reflecting additional local/regional stakeholders´ collaboration channels (cost-effective) to support the bioenergy transitions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lausanne, 2018.
Keywords [en]
Agroforestry, Industrial Residues, Pellets, Advanced Cookstoves, Gasification Technologies.
National Category
Energy Systems Forest Science Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries
Research subject
biology, Environmental Science; biology, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-148316DiVA, id: diva2:1212664
Conference
UNESCO Chaired Conferenced on Technologies for Development 2018, Tech4Dev 2018
Projects
Sustainable Biomass Utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa for an Improved Environment and HealthAvailable from: 2018-06-03 Created: 2018-06-03 Last updated: 2018-06-09

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Carvalho, RicardoNyberg, GertBoman, Christoffer

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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