umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Telegrafen på distans: ett digitalt metodexperiment
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1167-046x
2018 (Svenska)Ingår i: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 84, nr 1, s. 9-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The digitization of historical records not only creates new research opportunities but also challenges. Documents may be searched online and digital tools may be used for finding patterns in large datasets. Yet, the quality of digitized material is often low and it may be difficult for researchers to evaluate this material when hidden behind interfaces. My aim in this article is to explore a digitized newspaper and the associated problems and opportunities. My exploration is guided by the following question: What was written about the electrical telegraph in Aftonbladet in the 1830s, 1840s and 1850s? The files of the digitized Aftonbladet for the years 1830-1862 contain massive amounts of corrupted words generated by the OCR engine. Another problem is that the tool used for auto-segmentation has merged separate text items into single text blocks and split long texts into smaller parts. The digitization process is not a neutral text transfer from one medium to another, it is a process generating new texts never printed in the original newspaper. In order to find as many (corrupted) versions of the words "electrical" and "telegraph" as possible, the text files were searched with a Levhinstein distance of two (allowing for two letters to be added, replaced or missing). The words that were found were used as search words to identify texts blocks reporting on the electrical telegraph. To find themes in the texts, a co-occurrence search was carried out, identifying clusters of words frequently co-occurring. Previous research has focused on utopian ideas associated with this technology and the telegraph as an immaterial form of communication obliterating physical space. The clusters identified in the digital analysis suggest that more mundane topics dominated the newspaper: the electrical telegraph was described as a material form of communication controlled by bureaucracy, depending on and emphasizing geographical conditions. Digital databases make new research possible, but the low quality of digitized texts results in uncertainties concerning the results. Researchers using these databases need to be aware of the digital forms and interfaces regulating research practices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stiftelsen Scandia , 2018. Vol. 84, nr 1, s. 9-35
Nyckelord [en]
digital methods, databases, digitized newspapers, media history, telegraph
Nyckelord [sv]
digitala metoder, databaser, digitaliserade tidningar, mediehistoria, telegrafi
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap Historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148603ISI: 000435168700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-148603DiVA, id: diva2:1216119
Projekt
Digitala lägg
Forskningsfinansiär
Torsten Söderbergs stiftelse
Anmärkning

The telegraph from a distance: an experiment with digital method

Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-11 Skapad: 2018-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-28Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

URL

Personposter BETA

Jarlbrink, Johan

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Jarlbrink, Johan
Av organisationen
Institutionen för kultur- och medievetenskaper
I samma tidskrift
Scandia
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskapHistoria

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

urn-nbn
Totalt: 110 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf