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Trait Anxiety and Negative Health Risk Behaviors in Adults: The Relationship between Trait Anxiety, Alcohol Consumption and Physical Inactivity
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Relatively little is known regarding trait anxiety and its relationship with negative health risk behaviors such as alcohol consumption and physical inactivity in adults. This study aimed to examine whether negative health risk behaviors differ by sex and whether trait anxiety is associated with the negative health risk behaviors above and beyond sociodemographic factors and depression. Data used in the present study came from a published dataset from the Midlife in the United States 2 (MIDUS 2) study and include a sample of 1,054 adults whose age range from 34 to 84 years. There were significant sex differences in alcohol consumption, but not in physical inactivity. Age, sex, BMI, and depression were significantly associated with alcohol consumption or physical inactivity, whereas trait anxiety was not. These results suggest that sociodemographic variables and depression should be taken into consideration when studying negative health risk behaviors.

Abstract [sv]

Det finns relativt lite kunskap om ångest och dess förhållande till negativa hälsobeteenden som alkoholkonsumtion och fysisk inaktivitet hos vuxna individer. Denna studie avsåg undersöka om negativa hälsobeteenden varierade beroende på kön och om ångest har en relation till negativa hälsobeteenden utöver sociodemografiska faktorer och depression. De data som användes i denna studie kommer från ett offentligt data-set från the Midlife in the United States 2-studien (MIDUS 2) som omfattar 1054 vuxna deltagare med en ålder mellan 34 och 84 år. Det påfanns signifikanta könsskillnader inom alkoholkonsumtion men inte inom fysisk inaktivitet. Variablerna ålder, kön, BMI och depression hade en signifikant koppling till alkoholkonsumtion och fysisk inaktivitet, men ett liknande samband kunde inte påfinnas mellan ångest och de två hälsobeteendena. Detta indikerar således att man bör studera sociodemografiska variabler och depression i relation till negativa hälsobeteenden då det verkar finnas en tydlig koppling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Trait anxiety, negative health risk behaviors, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption
Keywords [sv]
Ångestbenägenhet, negativa hälsobeteenden, fysisk inaktivitet, alkoholkonsumtion
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-148950DiVA, id: diva2:1217762
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
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Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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