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Personality and Stress in Simulated Aviation Training
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines whether there is a relation between personality traits and pilot stress responses to non-normal events in simulated flight training. The research was conducted at, and in cooperation with, the Lund University School of Aviation (LUSA). An observational design was employed: a convenience sample of 15 pilot students (14 male, 1 female) was observed during a simulation training session with 4 stressful events. Collected data included perceived and observed stress, as well as the physiological stress markers heart rate variability (HRV) and electrodermal activity (EDA). The ‘Big Five’ personality factors, neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness were assessed by the revised NEO personality inventory 3 (NEO-PI-3). Physiological measures had to be excluded based on data quality. Correlational analysis indicated a positive correlation from neuroticism to perceived stress, and a negative correlation to said stress for agreeableness.Correlations held for only one out of four events however. For the event, a follow-up regression analysis did not show the factors as insignificant predictors. Likewise, extraversion was negatively correlated to observed stress, but only for one event. While the correlations can be argued to individually support the existence of a relation, lack of coherence across the events oppose this. Results are discussed, relative to previous research. The tentative indications from this study need to be examined by further research.

Abstract [sv]

Den här avhandlingen undersöker huruvida det finns en relation mellan personlighetsdrag ochpiloters stress från icke-normala händelser under simulerad flygträning. Forskningen utfördesvid, och i samarbete med, Lunds Universitet Trafikflyghögskolan (TFHS). Enobservations-design användes: ett bekvämlighetsurval på 15 pilotstudenter (14 män, 1 kvinna) observerades under en simulerad träning med 4 stressande händelser. Insamlad datainkluderade upplevd stress, observerad stress och de fysiologiska stressmarkörernahjärtfrekvensvariabilitet (HFV) samt elektrodermal aktivitet (EDA). Femfaktormodellens femfaktorer neuroticism, extraversion, öppenhet, vänlighet och samvetsgrannhet bedömdes förvarje deltagare med det reviderade ‘NEO personality inventory 3’ (NEO-PI-3). På grund av dålig kvalité uteslöts de fysiologiska stressmåtten. Korrelationsanalys visade på en positivkorrelation mellan neuroticism och upplevd stress, och en negativ korrelation till samma stress från vänlighet. Dessa korrelationer gällde endast för en av fyra av de stressandehändelserna. En uppföljande regressionsanalys för händelsen visade att faktorerna inte var signifikanta prediktorer. Extraversion visade sig negativt korrelerat mot observerad stress, men också bara mot en av händelserna. Individuellt kan korrelationerna argumenteras stödja bilden av en relation mellan personlighet och stress, men att de inte är konsekventa över de olika händelserna motsäger detta. Resultatet diskuteras relativt tidigare forskning. Dessa preliminära indikationer behöver undersökas av vidare forskning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 14
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149068DiVA, id: diva2:1218787
Subject / course
Masteruppsats i kognitionsvetenskap
Educational program
Master's Programme in Cognitive Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Personality and Stress in Simulated Aviation Training(458 kB)14 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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