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Composition of school meals in Sweden, Finland and Iceland: Official guidelines and comparison with practice and availability
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5464-5686
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2018 (English)In: Journal of School Health, ISSN 0022-4391, E-ISSN 1746-1561, Vol. 88, no 10, p. 744-753Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Nutritious and attractive school meals can improve health equality and public health. Current official guidelines and recommendations on food and nutrient composition of school meals in 3 Nordic countries; Sweden, Finland, and Iceland, are described and compared with actual practice, ie, availability of foods and nutrients in served reference meals in 3 selected areas in each country.

METHODS: A country comparison was made between official guidelines, and actual practice was studied in participating schools. Reference portions of school meals (N = 170) provided in 24 compulsory schools were photographed and weighed. Food and nutrient availability were compared with official guidelines in each country.

RESULTS: Emphasis of recommendations on whole‐grain bread in Sweden, whole grains in Finland, and fish in Iceland were reflected in food availability. The energy content of the meals provided was lower than guidelines and there was a large variation in energy content between days.

CONCLUSIONS: The guidelines regarding food availability were quite well followed, but the large variation in energy and nutrient content of provided school meals between days indicates a need for standardization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2018. Vol. 88, no 10, p. 744-753
Keywords [en]
children, school meals, school canteens, energy and nutrients, recommendations and guidelines
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149103DOI: 10.1111/josh.12683ISI: 000444228200005PubMedID: 30203478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149103DiVA, id: diva2:1219195
Available from: 2018-06-15 Created: 2018-06-15 Last updated: 2018-10-04Bibliographically approved

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Hörnell, AgnetaWaling, MariaOlsson, Cecilia

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Juniusdottir, RagnheidurHörnell, AgnetaGunnarsdottir, IngibjorgLagstrom, HannaWaling, MariaOlsson, CeciliaOlafsdottir, Anna S.
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Department of Food and Nutrition
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Journal of School Health
Nutrition and Dietetics

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CiteExportLink to record
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