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Effekter av fysisk aktivitet på upplevd stress och välmående.: En interventionsstudie genomförd på fysiskt inaktiva med måttlig till hög grad av stress
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The effects of physical activity on perceived stress and well-being. : An intervention on physically inactive individuals with moderate to high stress. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Allt fler människor upplever sig stressade i dagens samhälle. Fysisk aktivitet har visat sig ha många positiva hälsofördelar, inte minst på upplevelsen av stress. Trots det så prioriteras det oftast inte av individer som upplever stress. Att vara fysiskt inaktiv är en riskfaktor som i kombination med stress kan leda till allvarliga sjukdomar och psykisk ohälsa. Fysisk aktivitet leder inte enbart till bättre fysisk hälsa utan även till ökat välmående och överlag högre livskvalité.  Syfte: Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka om 100 minuter gruppträning i veckan under 5 veckor hade någon effekt på upplevelsen av vardaglig stress, välmående och kondition hos fysiskt inaktiva individer med måttlig till hög grad av stress. Deltagare: 30 individer (24 kvinnor, 5 män och 1 icke-binär) mellan åldrarna 20-40 år deltog i studien. Två grupper slumpades, interventionsgrupp (n=15) och kontrollgrupp (n=15). Deltagarna höll inte på med någon fysisk aktivitet och skattade sig som måttligt (totalsumma >14) till högt stressade (totalsumma >27) på PSS-10.  Metod: Deltagarna fick fylla i en enkät kopplat till upplevd, vardaglig stress (PSS-10), en enkät om välmående (VS) och genomförde ett submaximalt cykelergometertest (EB-test). Samtliga enkäter och cykelergometertest gjordes igen efter en 5 veckors intervention. Där interventionsgruppen hade deltagit i 100 minuter gruppbaserad cirkelträning per vecka och kontrollgruppen uppmanades fortsätta leva som vanligt. Resultat: Signifikanta skillnader hittades hos interventionsgruppen mellan pre- och posttester för skattning på PSS-10 (p=0,0001) och VS (p<0,0001). Inga skillnader hittades mellan interventionsgrupp och kontrollgrupp gällande någon parameter. Konklusion: 100 minuter gruppträning per vecka, under specifika omständigheter, verkar påverka upplevd stress och välmående hos tidigare inaktiva, stressade individer. Vilken enskild faktor som har lett till reduktion av stress och ökat välmående kan ej pekas ut.

Abstract [en]

Background: In today’s society it has increasingly become common to experience a high degree of negative stress. Despite the fact that physical activity has many health benefits, for example when it comes to reduce perceived stress, individuals feeling stressed does not prioritize physical activity. Being physically inactive in combination with a high degree of negative stress can lead to a variety of psychological diagnoses and physical problems. Physical activity does not only give rise to a better health, but also a higher sense of wellbeing and life quality.  Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate if 100 minutes of group training per week during 5 weeks had an effect on perceived life stress, well-being and physical fitness in physically inactive individuals with moderate to high perceived stress. Participants: 30 participants (24 women, 5 men and 1 intergender) between the ages of 2040 years participated in the study. The participants were randomized into two groups, an intervention group (n=15) and a control group (n=15). They did not engage in any physical activity and estimated themselves as moderately (total sum>14) to highly stressed (total sum>27) on PSS-10. Method: The participants filled in got to answer a questionnaire related to perceived life stress (PSS-10), a questionnaire about well-being (VS) and performed a submaximal bicycle ergometer test (EB-test). After a 5 week intervention period the questionnaires were distributed again and the bicycle ergometer test was performed. The intervention group participated in 100 minutes of group based circuit training per week while the control group was requested to continue to live as before. Results: Significant differences were found in the intervention group pre- and post test results for PSS-10 (p=0,0001) and VS (p<0,0001). No differences between the intervention group and the control group were found on regarding any parameters. Conclusion: 100 minutes of group training per week, under specific circumstances, seems to have an effect on perceived stress and well-being on previously inactive individuals with moderate to high stress. A single cause that lead to a reduction in stress and higher well-being can not be determined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Life stress, Group training, Mental illness, Health
Keywords [sv]
Vardaglig stress, Gruppträning, Psykisk ohälsa, Hälsa
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149470DiVA, id: diva2:1222054
External cooperation
IKSU Sportcenter
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-20

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