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EFFEKTER AV MAXIMAL ISOMETRISK POST ACTIVATION POTENTIATION PÅ DYNAMIC STRENGTH INDEX
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Effects of maximal isometric post activation potentiation on dynamic strength index (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Dynamic Strength Index är ett ratio som beskriver en individs förhållande mellan maximal och explosiv styrka. Post-activation potentiation (PAP) är ett fenomen där en förberedande aktivitet, exempelvis knäböj, används för att få en prestationsförbättring i en kommande aktivitet.

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om (a) isometriska partiella knäböj (IPK) påverkar Dynamic Strength Index-ration (DSI), (b) IPK påverkar hopphöjd eller maximal kraft i CMJ, c) IPK påverkar maximal kraft i IMTP, (d) det finns någon signifikant korrelation mellan DSI-ratio och PAP-effekt.

Metod: Fyra manliga och fyra kvinnliga beachvolleybollspelare (ålder 24.2 ± 3.8 år, vikt 72.7 ± 11.5 kg, längd 179.3 ± 9.2 cm) deltog i en counterbalanced measure design studie med två testtillfällen. Deltagarna utförde countermovement jump (CMJ) på kraftplattor och isometric mid-thigh-pull (IMTP) med en lastcell under båda testdagarna DSI och DSIPAP. Under DSIPAP utfördes även IPK som en förberedande aktivitet.                                                                                                                                Resultat: Resultaten visade ingen signifikant skillnad på DSI-ratio mellan testtillfällena DSI och DSIPAP (p=0.42). Resultaten för CMJ (cm) visade en lägre hopphöjd vid DSIPAP och en signifikant skillnad (p=0.042). Ingen signifikant skillnad för varken CMJ PF (p=0.96) eller IMTP PF (p=0.20) mellan DSI och DSIPAP hittades. Resultaten visade inte heller någon signifikant korrelation mellan DSI-ratio och PAP-effekt för CMJ peak power (r=-0.38) och CMJ hopphöjd (r=-0.21).                                                                                                                                                                       Konklusion: Maximala isometriska knäböj verkar varken påverka DSI-ratio, CMJ PF eller IMTP PF och hade en negativ påverkan på hopphöjd för beachvolleyspelare. Resultaten i den här studien stöder tidigare forskning att en möjlig negativ korrelation mellan styrka-effekt-ratio och PAP-effekt. Framtida studier behövs för att undersöka det närmare.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Dynamic Strength Index (DSI) is a ratio which describes an individuals relationship between maximal and explosive strength. Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon where a conditioning activity, i.e. squats, is used to enhance a subsequent activity.

The purpose of this study was to investigate if (a) isometric partial squats (IPS) could affect the DSI ratio, (b) IPS affects jump height or peak force in Countermovement jump (CMJ), (c) IPS will affect peak force in isometric mid thigh-pull (IMTP), (d) there is a significant correlation between DSI-ratio and PAP-effect.

Methods: Four male and four female beach volleyball players (age 24.2 ± 3.8 years, weight 72.7 ± 11.5 kg, length 179.3 ± 9.2 cm) participated in a counterbalanced measure design study consisting of two experimental trials. The participants performed countermovement jump (CMJ) on force plates and isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) with a load cell during both trial days DSI and DSIPAP. During DSIPAP participants also performed IPS as a conditioning activity.

Results: Results showed no significant difference on the DSI-ratio between the trials DSI and DSIPAP (p=0.42). Results for CMJ (cm) showed a decreased jump height at DSIPAP and a significant difference (p=0.042). No significant difference for neither CMJ PF (p=0.96) nor IMTP PF (p=0.20) between the trials were found. No significant correlation were found between DSI-ratio and PAP-effect neither for CMJ peak power (r=-0.38) nor CMJ jump height (r=-0.21).

Conclusion: Maximal isometric squats does not seem to effect DSI-ratio, CMJ PF, CMJ PP nor IMTP PF but had a negative effect on jump height in CMJ for beach volleyball players. The findings in this study supports previous studies that a possible negative correlation exists between strength-power-ratio and PAP-effect. Future studies are required to investigate this further.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Strength-power-ratio, beach volleyball, countermovement jump, isometric mid-thigh pull
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149519OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149519DiVA, id: diva2:1222347
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21

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