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PROGRESSIVE RESISTANCE TRAINING AND POSTURAL STABILITY IN PRESARCOPENIA: A randomized controlled trial
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine. (Healthy Aging Initiative (HAI))
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
PROGRESSIV STYRKETRÄNING OCH BALANS I PRESARKOPENI : En randomiserad, kontrollerad studie (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Background: Postural instability and low muscle mass are both independent risk factors for falls and fractures among older adults.Objectives: To investigate the effects of resistance training on steady-state postural stability (PS) and limit of stability (LOS) in older individuals with reduced muscle mass in arms and legs (presarcopenia).

Design, setting and participants: Parallel, open label, randomized controlled trial conducted at a university hospital clinic in Umeå, Sweden between August 2017 to February 2018. PS and LOS measurements were recorded via force platform. The intervention period was ten weeks, with follow-up at week 11 and 23. Randomized participants were 70 individuals (mean age, 70.9 ± 0.03) classified with presarcopenia.

Intervention: Ten weeks of instructor-led progressive functional resistance training in groups 45 minutes three times per week.Main outcome: Between-group differences in absolute mean change from baseline to follow- ups on PS and LOS.

Results: In total, 65 participants completed the follow-up assessment at week 11, and 64 completed the week 22 assessment. No statistically significant between-group differences were detected in mean change from baseline to the respective follow-ups.Conclusion: The intervention proved ineffective in improving PS and LOS when comparing the groups. Study limitations should be considered when interpreting the results.

Clinical trial registration: NCT03297632Funding: Swedish Research Council, Kamprad Family Foundations, and Kempe Foundation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
Balance, sarcopenia, older adults, exercise
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149744DiVA, id: diva2:1224143
External cooperation
Västerbottens läns landsting (VLL)
Educational program
Master program in Sports Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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