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Vågar mina patienter komma ut när de skrivs in?: Vårdpersonalens erfarenheter i mötet med hbtq-personer – en litteraturstudie.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dare my patients come out when they are being admitted? : Health care providers’ experiences from meeting lgbtq persons - a literature review. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hbtq-personer har specifika vårdbehov och kan vara utsatta för stigmatisering och diskriminering. Vårdpersonalen har ansvar för att ge lika god vård till alla, och det behövs därför kunskap om hbtq-personers vårdbehov. Forskning visar att det finns negativa attityder till hbtq-personer bland vårdpersonal, och att brist på kunskap och utbildning tenderar att resultera i negativa attityder.

Syfte: Belysa vårdpersonalens erfarenheter i mötet med hbtq-personer.

Metod: En litteraturstudie där resultaten från tio vetenskapliga artiklar analyserades med hjälp av innehållsanalys. Databassökningen genomfördes i CINAHL, PubMed och PsycINFO. Resultaten diskuterades sedan mot annan relevant forskning och med Katie Erikssons lidandeteori som teoretiskt ramverk.

Resultat: Ur föreliggande studies resultat framkom det att vårdpersonal upplever brist på undervisning inom hbtq-frågor, förvirring inom terminologi och begrepp samt en avsaknad av riktlinjer och struktur för hbtq-anpassad vård. Resultat tyder även på att vårdpersonal uppfattar och hanterar hbtq-personers specifika vårdbehov på olika sätt. En del anser att hbtq-specifik vård är obefogad. Deltagare uppger olika grader av bekvämlighet av att vårda hbtq-personer. Resultat visar även att vårdpersonal är oroliga för att agera heteronormativt.

Konklusion: Vårdlidande uppstår när en vårdare inte kan möta patienten i dennes lidande, och se till patienten som helhet. Att agera heteronormativt kan innebära diskriminering. Vårdpersonal bör sträva efter att vara öppensinnade, toleranta och arbeta evidensbaserat. Mer forskning i området behövs.

Abstract [en]

Background: Lgbtq persons have specific care needs, and might be subject to stigmatization and discrimination. Health care providers, HCP’s, are obliged to provide equal care, and in order to do this, knowledge about lgbt-persons’ care needs is required. Research suggests that there are negative attitudes among HCP’s towards lgbtq persons, and lack of knowledge and education lead to negative attitudes.

Aim: To illuminate health care providers’ experiences from meeting lgbt persons.

Method: A content analysis literature review of ten journal articles. Research databases used were CINAHL, PubMed and PsychINFO. The results were discussed in relation to other relevant research, and with Katie Eriksson’s nursing theory about suffering as our theoretical framework.

Results: The study shows that health care providers experience a lack of education in lgbtq-issues, confusion regarding lgbtq terminology, and inadequate guidelines and structure for dealing with lgbtq-specific care. Furthermore, results show that health care providers perceive and deal with lgbtq-specific care needs differently. Some consider lgbtq-specific care to be unwarranted. Informants mention various levels of comfort in providing care to lgbtq patients. Results also show that health care providers are concerned about acting heteronormativally.

Conclusion: Suffering in health care arises when a care giver is unable to meet patients in their suffering, and see to the patients in a holistic way. To act heteronormativally might be discriminatory. Health care providers should strive to be open minded, benevolent, and operate evidence based. More research in this field is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
lgbtq, heteronormativity, knowledge, education, queer
Keywords [sv]
hbtq, heteronormativitet, kunskap, utbildning, queer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149544DiVA, id: diva2:1228033
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-07-05 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved

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