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Implementering av kommande EU-förordning gällande tillsyn av CMR- ämnen i textil: En kartläggning på materialnivå
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate how the upcoming EU-regulation regarding CMR-substances (Carcinogenic, Mutagenic or toxic for Reproduction) in textiles can be implemented in the supervision. The European Commission have used a simplified procedure provided by article 68(2) of REACH to restrict CMR-substances in textile that could be used by consumers. The parliament voted in favor on the 26th of April 2018 which has resulted in the ban coming into force by the end of 2020. The Swedish Chemical Agency therefore needs to know in which material or products these substances can be found. Data from various databases have been used and analyzed, then supplemented with reports. The substances have been categorized into functional chemical substances, auxiliary substances and chemical substances not intentionally added. Of these categories, functional chemical substances accounted for the greatest part. Classified azo dyes and carcinogenic amines were a big part of this category and the materials in which most chemicals were found were polyester and cotton. These are also the most frequently used textiles in the EU. It is therefore important to supervise these materials since the category functional chemical substances are found in highest concentrations in these materials. The supply chains are complex with a global span. To reduce hazardous chemicals in textile, it is important that the upstream information about which chemicals being used continues along the chain. Therefore, communication with suppliers and sub-suppliers is required. A regulation makes it easier for retailers to communicate their demands towards their suppliers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic for reproduction, textile, material
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149858OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-149858DiVA, id: diva2:1228462
External cooperation
Kemikalieinspektionen
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 615 kBChecksum SHA-512
546154bd3532e20f0c82888bfe0247d2e2516fc850a340509c2696002f95ff6f8fe9f079b44f97601e54ee9459ebb8de21cee8e02d213a481b42e930e4645c62
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf