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Competing pathways to sustainability?: Exploring conflicts over mine establishments in the Swedish mountain region
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. (Arcum)
2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 218, p. 402-415Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Natural resource (NR) exploitation often gives rise to conflict. While most actors intend to manage collectively used places and their NRs sustainably, they may disagree about what this entails. This article accordingly explores the origin of NR conflicts by analysing them in terms of competing pathways to sustainability. By comparing conflicts over mine establishments in three places in northern Sweden, we specifically explore the role of place-based perceptions and experiences.

The results indicate that the investigated conflicts go far beyond the question of metals and mines. The differences between pathways supporting mine establishment and those opposing it refer to fundamental ideas about human nature relationships and sustainable development (SD). The study suggests that place-related parameters affect local interpretations of SD and mobilisation in ways that explain why resistance and conflict exist in some places but not others. A broader understanding of a particular conflict and its specific place-based trajectory may help uncover complex underlying reasons. However, our comparative analysis also demonstrates that mining conflicts in different places share certain characteristics. Consequently, a site-specific focus ought to be combined with attempts to compare, or map, conflicts at a larger scale to improve our understanding of when and how conflicts evolve. By addressing the underlying causes and origins of contestation, this study generates knowledge needed to address NR management conflicts effectively and legitimately. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 218, p. 402-415
Keywords [en]
Natural resource management, Mining conflicts, Pathways to sustainability, Place perceptions, Frame alysis, Interpretive policy analysis
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150168DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.04.063ISI: 000433649800039PubMedID: 29704835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150168DiVA, id: diva2:1233491
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection AgencyAvailable from: 2018-07-18 Created: 2018-07-18 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Zachrisson, Anna

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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