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Yrkesprogram vs högskoleförberedande program: En studie om påverkansfaktorer och grundläggande högskolebehörighet
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med arbetet var att undersöka hur elever i år 9 har för uppfattning om valet av gymnasieprogram gällande högskoleförberedande program och yrkesprogram. Vidare ville vi få kunskap om påverkansfaktorer samt om 2011 års reform gällande grundläggande behörighet påverkar elevernas val. Frågeställningarna vi ville få besvarade är hur fördelningen ser ut mellan yrkesprogram och högskoleförberedande program, hur eleverna rangordnar påverkansfaktorer vid valet av yrkesprogram respektive högskoleförberedande program samt hur eleverna tänker kring den grundläggande högskolebehörigheten. För att få svar på våra frågor genomförde vi en kvantitativ studie i form av en webenkät som besvarades av 234 elever i år 9. I vår teoridel har vi lyft tidigare forskning inom detta område samt hur ämnet lyfts i media, av myndigheter och politiska sammanhang. Vi utgick från Gottfredsons teori Theory of circumscription, compromise and self-creation samt Hodkinsson & Sparks teori Careership theory som grundar sig på Bourdieus tankar. Centrala begrepp i arbetet är karriärval, påverkansfaktorer i form av genus, socialt arv samt grundläggande högskolebehörighet. Vårt resultat visar att eleverna i vår studie väljer yrkesprogram i större utsträckning än övriga landet. Studien visar att eleverna väljer program utifrån intresse och att de anser att de inte påverkas av sin omgivning. Vår studie visar också att det finns en relativt god medvetenhet om den grundläggande behörigheten.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to investigate what pupils in year 9 think about the choice of high school programs for university preparatory programs and vocational programs. In addition, we wanted to get knowledge of factors of influence, and if the 2011 reform of basic competences affects students' choices. The questions we wanted to get answered were the distribution of vocational programs and university preparatory programs, how the students rank factors of influence in the choice of vocational programs and university preparatory programs as well as how students think about the basic university degree. To answer our questions, we conducted a quantitative study in the form of a web survey answered by 234 students in year 9. In our theoretical part, we have raised previous research in this area and how the subject has been raised in the media, by authorities and in political contexts. The study was based on Gottfredson's theory Theory of circumscription, compromise and self-creation, as well as Hodkinsson & Spark's theory Careership theory, based on Bourdieu's thoughts. Key concepts in the work are career choices, impact factors in the form of gender, social heritage and basic university admission. Our results show that students in our study choose vocational programs to a greater extent than the rest of the country. It also shows that students choose programs based on interest. Furthermore, they do not feel affected by their surroundings. Our study also shows that there is a relatively good awareness of the basic competence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 43
Keywords [en]
Career choice, gender, social heritage, high school election
Keywords [sv]
Karriärval, genus, socialt arv, gymnasieval
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150313DiVA, id: diva2:1236718
External cooperation
Anonym
Educational program
Career Counselling Programme
Available from: 2018-08-04 Created: 2018-08-04 Last updated: 2018-08-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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