umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Whose income is more important: mine, yours or ours? Income inequality and mental health in northern Sweden
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7234-3510
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7134-8256
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 1056-1061Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Three main explanations of the relationship between income and population health have been identified: the absolute, the contextual and the relative income hypotheses. The evidence about their relevance particularly in egalitarian societies is, however, inconsistent. This study aimed to test the three hypotheses in relation to psychological distress in northern Sweden.

Methods: Data come from the 2014 cross-sectional survey from the four northern-most counties in Sweden, and included people aged 25-84 years (n = 21 004). Psychological distress was measured by the General Health Questionnaire-12 and income information came from population registers. Absolute income was operationalized by individual disposable income, contextual income as the municipal-level Gini coefficient and relative income by the Yitzhaki index. Prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated from log-binomial regression analyses.

Results: A gradient in poor mental health was observed across quintiles of individual income, with the poorest substantially more likely to report poor health compared with the highest quintile (PR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.19, 2.04). Second, municipalities in the quintiles 2-3 of the Gini coefficient had a better mental health compared with those in the most equal municipalities. Third, a gradient in poor mental health across quintiles of relative deprivation was also found, with the most deprived quintile the most likely to report poor health (PR = 1.37; 95% CI = 1.06, 1.76).

Conclusion: This study suggests a strong, moderate and lack of support for the absolute, relative and contextual income effect hypotheses, respectively. Interventions targeting a reduction in the individual income gap may be necessary in order to reduce psychosocial distress differences in northern Sweden.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford University Press, 2018. Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 1056-1061
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150577DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/cky110ISI: 000456673500015PubMedID: 29982407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150577DiVA, id: diva2:1238262
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2014-2725Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2014- 0451Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2016-00236Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-13 Skapad: 2018-08-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-02-20Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Personposter BETA

San Sebastian, MiguelMosquera, PaolaGustafsson, Per E.

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
San Sebastian, MiguelMosquera, PaolaGustafsson, Per E.
Av organisationen
Epidemiologi och global hälsa
I samma tidskrift
European Journal of Public Health
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 135 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf