umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Fixed and random effects models: making an informed choice
University of Sheffield. (Sheffield Methods Institute)
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1400-2141
University of Bristol.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8398-2190
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 1051-1074Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper assesses the options available to researchers analysing multilevel (including longitudinal) data, with the aim of supporting good methodological decision-making. Given the confusion in the literature about the key properties of fixed and random effects (FE and RE) models, we present these models’ capabilities and limitations. We also discuss the within-between RE model, sometimes misleadingly labelled a ‘hybrid’ model, showing that it is the most general of the three, with all the strengths of the other two. As such, and because it allows for important extensions—notably random slopes—we argue it should be used (as a starting point at least) in all multilevel analyses. We develop the argument through simulations, evaluating how these models cope with some likely mis-specifications. These simulations reveal that (1) failing to include random slopes can generate anti-conservative standard errors, and (2) assuming random intercepts are Normally distributed, when they are not, introduces only modest biases. These results strengthen the case for the use of, and need for, these models.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2019. Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 1051-1074
Nyckelord [en]
multilevel models, random effects, fixed effects
Nationell ämneskategori
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150953DOI: 10.1007/s11135-018-0802-xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150953DiVA, id: diva2:1240252
Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-20 Skapad: 2018-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-04Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltext

Personposter BETA

Fairbrother, Malcolm

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Fairbrother, MalcolmJones, Kelvyn
Av organisationen
Sociologiska institutionen
I samma tidskrift
Quality and quantity
Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 193 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf