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Predators and nutrient availability favor protozoa-resisting bacteria in aquatic systems
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF). (EcoChange; UMFpub)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. (EcoChange)
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2018 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, article id 8415Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The long co-existence of bacteria and protozoa has led to the development of bacterial protozoa resistance strategies, which are suggested to serve as drivers for the evolution of pathogenic bacteria. However, the ecological mechanisms underpinning selection for protozoa-resistance in aquatic bacteria are poorly known. To assess the role of nutrient availability and predation-pressure on selection for protozoa-resisting bacteria (PRB), an enrichment-dilution experiment was designed using laboratory microcosms containing natural lake water. PRB was monitored by screening 16S rRNA amplicon sequence data for reads assigned to bacteria that previously has been shown to resist degradation by amoebae. To estimate the effects of the microbial food web dynamics (microscopy of; heterotrophic bacteria, phytoplankton, protozoa and rotifers) and physicochemical variables on the PRB abundance in the study system, a joint species distribution modelling approach was used. The predation-pressure (ratio between predator and bacterial biomass) had a positive effect on the abundance of the PRB genus Mycobacterium, while perturbation (enrichment and dilution) favored the PRB genus Pseudomonas that dominated the bacterial community in the disturbed systems. Our results show that PRB with different ecological strategies can be expected in water of high and intermediate nutrient levels and after major disturbances of an aquatic system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2018. Vol. 8, article id 8415
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Ecology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150991DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-26422-4ISI: 000433539800013PubMedID: 29849061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150991DiVA, id: diva2:1240681
Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, AgnetaMathisen, Peter

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