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Vascular plant-mediated controls on atmospheric carbon assimilation and peat carbon decomposition under climate change
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snowand Landscape Research, WSL SiteLausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Laboratory of Ecological Systems ECOS,School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engine ering ENAC, EcolePolytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne EPFL,Lausanne, Switzerland.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
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2018 (English)In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 24, no 9, p. 3911-3921Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change can alter peatland plant community composition by promoting the growth of vascular plants. How such vegetation change affects peatland carbon dynamics remains, however, unclear. In order to assess the effect of vegetation change on carbon uptake and release, we performed a vascular plant-removal experiment in two Sphagnum-dominated peatlands that represent contrasting stages of natural vegetation succession along a climatic gradient. Periodic measurements of net ecosystem CO2 exchange revealed that vascular plants play a crucial role in assuring the potential for net carbon uptake, particularly with a warmer climate. The presence of vascular plants, however, also increased ecosystem respiration, and by using the seasonal variation of respired CO2 radiocarbon (bomb-C-14) signature we demonstrate an enhanced heterotrophic decomposition of peat carbon due to rhizosphere priming. The observed rhizosphere priming of peat carbon decomposition was matched by more advanced humification of dissolved organic matter, which remained apparent beyond the plant growing season. Our results underline the relevance of rhizosphere priming in peatlands, especially when assessing the future carbon sink function of peatlands undergoing a shift in vegetation community composition in association with climate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2018. Vol. 24, no 9, p. 3911-3921
Keywords [en]
climate warming, decomposition, ecosystem respiration, elevation gradient, net ecosystem CO2 change, peatlands, rhizosphere priming, vascular plant biomass
National Category
Climate Research Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151388DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14140ISI: 000441746900005PubMedID: 29569798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-151388DiVA, id: diva2:1245938
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved

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Gavazov, KonstantinDorrepaal, Ellen

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