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A retrospective analysis of the mixed venous oxygen saturation as the target for systemic blood flow control during cardiopulmonary bypass
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9635-744X
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology.
2018 (English)In: Perfusion, ISSN 0267-6591, E-ISSN 1477-111X, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 453-462Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The patient's body surface area serves as the traditional reference for the determination of systemic blood flow during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). New strategies refer to different algorithms of oxygen delivery. This study reports on the mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) as the target for systemic blood flow control. We hypothesise that an SvO2>75% (S(v)O(2)75) is associated with better preservation of renal function and improved short-term survival.

Methods: This retrospective, 10-year, observational study analysed 6945 consecutive cardiac surgical cases requiring CPB. Endpoints included rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) and short-term survival, also the estimated glomerular filtration rate ((e)GFR), lactate levels and blood transfusions.

Results: Seventy-seven percent of the patients attained the S(v)O(2)75 target. For this group, the median SvO2 was 78.1 (5.8) %, with a mean oxygen delivery of 331 (78) ml/min per m(2) body surface area. Overall incidence of AKI levels (I-III): 7.5% - 2.6% - 0.6%. Incidence of (e)GFR (<50%): 3.9%, increasing to 6% for haemoglobin levels <80 g/L (p<0.001). Red cell transfusion was more frequent (p<0.001) within this group (30.6%) compared to levels >100 g/L (0.3%). Further, women (52.8%) were transfused more often than men (14.6%). Lactate level at weaning from CPB was 1.3 (0.7) mmol/L. The S(v)O(2)75 target demonstrated a relative risk reduction of 22.5% (p=0.032) for AKI (I), increasing to 32.3% (p=0.026) for procedures extending >90 minutes. In addition, the risk for death 90-days postop was lower (p=0.039).

Conclusion: The S(v)O(2)75 target showed a decreased risk for postoperative AKI and prolonged short-term survival. Good clinical outcomes were also linked to measures of lactate and the (e)GFR. However, anaemia remains a risk factor for AKI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2018. Vol. 33, no 6, p. 453-462
Keywords [en]
acute kidney injury, blood flow control, cardiopulmonary bypass, lactate, mixed venous oxygen saturation, survival
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151546DOI: 10.1177/0267659118766437ISI: 000442397500008PubMedID: 29623766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-151546DiVA, id: diva2:1247106
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved

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Svenmarker, StaffanHannuksela, MatiasHaney, Michael

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