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Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database (SEAD)
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. (Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet)
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. (Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet)
ICT Services and System Development (ITS), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology / [ed] Smith, C., Cham: Springer, 2018, 2Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Environmental archaeology encompasses a wide range of scientific methods for analyzing the results of past human activities, environments, climates, and perhaps, most importantly, the relationships between these. Many of these methods are referred to as proxy analyses, denoting the illumination of the past as interpreted indirectly through the evidence of fossil organisms or properties. These lines of evidence, or proxy data sources, are assumed to reflect past conditions by way of their dependence on them. For example, a species of beetle may only survive within a specific climate range, and thus its presence in samples indicates this climate at the time of deposition; organic waste deposited around a farmstead will raise soil phosphate levels above those of the surrounding land; and the presence of cereal grains in postholes suggests their local cultivation or import, usage, or storage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018, 2.
Keywords [en]
database, environment, climate, archaeology, cultural heritage, open access, insects, plants, pollen, geoarchaeology, infrastructure, open data
National Category
Archaeology Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Archaeology; biology, Environmental Science; Physical Geography; Quarternary Geology; Computer Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151750DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1ISBN: 978-3-319-51726-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-151750DiVA, id: diva2:1247529
Projects
VISEADSEAD - The Strategic Environmental Archaeology Database
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, IN15-0231:1Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-12 Last updated: 2018-10-19

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Buckland, Philip I.Sjölander, MattiasEriksson, Erik J.

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CiteExportLink to record
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