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Paleoentomology: Insects and Other Arthropods in Environmental Archaeology
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. (Miljöarkeologiska laboratoriet)
(Bugs)
2018 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology / [ed] Smith C., Cham: Springer, 2018, 2Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Insects are the most diverse group of animals on the planet and as such are present in a wider variety of habitats than most other complex organisms. This diversity, in addition to a long evolutionary history (Grimaldi and Engel 2005), and together with a propensity to be preserved in both desiccating and anaerobic environments, has provided an excellent tool for the reconstruction of both Quaternary and more immediate archaeological environments. Insect remains often provide proxy environmental information on the immediate context from which the fossils are derived, and as such may be either complementary to the more regional picture provided by palynology or indicate site conditions, such as levels of hygiene and evidence of trading connections, which are rarely available from any other palaeoecological source. They therefore provide information on a broad range of habitats and conditions, on- and off-site, and in addition, in appropriate contexts, also climate. Processing of samples is essentially simple, requiring readily available materials, yet is time consuming, and identification of the usually disarticulated fragments (sclerites) requires diligence and patience and access to well-curated reference collections. Fortunately, abundant literature, computer software, and database tools now exist to aid in their interpretation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018, 2.
Keywords [en]
Insects, fossil, palaeoentomology, archaeology, climate change, environmental change, palaeoecology
National Category
History and Archaeology Archaeology Ecology Zoology Climate Research Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Archaeology; environmental archaeology; Entomology; Quarternary Geology; Earth Sciences with Specialization Environmental Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152132DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_2333-2ISBN: 978-3-319-51726-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152132DiVA, id: diva2:1251716
Projects
BugsAvailable from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-10-19

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Buckland, Philip I.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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