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Convergence in global environmental performance: assessing heterogeneity
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). University of Ghana Business School, Legon, Ghana.
2018 (English)In: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 503-526Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines convergence in environmental/carbon performance by constructing a measure based on production theory, where production processes explicitly result in the production of two outputs; a good output (GDP) and a bad output (CO2). We use the derived measure to test the beta-convergence hypothesis for a panel of 94 countries. The results reveal evidence in support of beta-convergence in environmental, or carbon performance for the entire (global) sample and each of the sub-samples. The evidence points to a slower convergence rate for the high-income countries relative to low-income countries. Moreover, the rate of convergence does not vary with capital in the global sample, but does vary in the high-income sample, possibly reflecting differences in abatement cost induced by differences in the stringency of environmental regulation and enforcement. Additionally, we find evidence of a negative relation between environmental performance and fossil fuel share, both at the global level as well as at the middle and high sub-samples, which tend to vary with capital intensity. As such, the results conform to the results from studies on the dynamics of per capita emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 20, no 3, p. 503-526
Keywords [en]
Capital intensity, Convergence, Environmental performance, Fossil fuel price
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152279DOI: 10.1007/s10018-017-0203-8ISI: 000444211100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152279DiVA, id: diva2:1252316
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyAvailable from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2018-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Brännlund, RunarKarimu, Amin

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