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Tränarbeteendens samband med upplevd press hos manliga elitishockeyspelare
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Forskare har i många år undersökt sociala faktorers påverkan på individers motivation. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan tränares förmåga att främja spelares grundläggande psykologiska behov och upplevd press hos elitishockeyspelare. Manliga elitishockeyspelare (n=100, medelålder 23.15 ± 4.58), tillhörande lag i SHL och Hockeyallsvenskan rekryterades. Deltagarna fyllde i två frågeformulär, Interpersonal Supportiveness Scale - Coach (ISS-C) samt ett frågeformulär rörande upplevd press. Resultaten visade på signifikanta korrelationer mellan upplevelsen av ledarens förmåga att uppfylla de grundläggande psykologiska behoven enligt Self Determination Theory (SDT) och spelarnas grad av upplevd inre oro, yttre oro och press. Variansanalyser med upplevd press och motivation som beroende variabler påvisade signifikanta skillnader mellan individer av högre ålder kontra lägre ålder, där spelare i lägre ålder känner mindre press än spelare i högre ålder. Konklusioner utifrån resultaten är att en kontrollerande miljö verkar ha negativ påverkan på upplevd press, medan upplevd autonomi verkar vara en viktig faktor för minskad inre oro samt ökat välmående. Bland spelarna i den äldre ålderskategorin var ledarens engagemang den främsta faktorn som påverkade press, medan spelarna i den yngre ålderskategorin värdesatte struktur högt. Resultaten i den aktuella studien kan eventuellt användas som en del i arbetet att få förståelse för hur man som ledare kan skapa ett positivt motivationsklimat bland ishockeyspelare på elitnivå.

Abstract [en]

Researchers have spent many years studying the relationship between social factors and motivation. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between coaches’ ability to support basic psychological needs and perceived pressure amongst elite ice hockey players. Male ice hockey players (n=100, mean age 23.15 ± 4.58) from teams playing in the SHL or Hockeyallsvenskan were recruited. Participants filled out two different questionnaires, Interpersonal Supportiveness Scale-Coach (ISS-C) and a questionnaire regarding perceived pressure. Results showed significant correlations between the players’ perception of their coaches’ ability to support the basic psychological needs according to Self Determination Theory (SDT) and perceived intrinsic anxiety, extrinsic anxiety and pressure. Analyzes of variance with perceived pressure and motivation as dependent variables showed significant differences between older players and younger players, where younger players perceived less pressure than older players. Conclusions based on the results are that a controlling environment seems to have a negative impact on perceived pressure while perceived autonomy was an important factor to decrease intrinsic anxiety and well-being. The coach’s engagement was the most important factor for perceived pressure when looking at the older age group, while structure was important for players in the younger age group. The result of the present study might be used as a part of the work of creating a positive motivational climate amongst elite level ice hockey players. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 12
Keywords [en]
Motivational climate, SDT, Pressure, Performance, Ice hockey
Keywords [sv]
Motivationsklimat, SDT, Press, Prestation, ishockey
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152321DiVA, id: diva2:1252693
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-02 Last updated: 2018-10-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf