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Seeding the gender revolution: Women’s education and cohort fertility among the baby boom generations
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2018 (English)In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 283-304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Europe and the United States, women’s educational attainment started to increase around the middle of the twentieth century. The expected implication was fertility decline and postponement, whereas in fact the opposite occurred. We analyse trends in the quantum of cohort fertility among the baby boom generations in 15 countries and how these relate to women’s education. Over the 1901–45 cohorts, the proportion of parents with exactly two children rose steadily and homogeneity in family sizes increased. Progression to a third child and beyond declined in all the countries, continuing the ongoing trends of the fertility transition. In countries with a baby boom, and especially among women with post-primary education, this was compensated for by decreasing childlessness and increasing progression to a second child. These changes, linked to earlier stages of the fertility transition, laid the foundations for later fertility patterns associated with the gender revolution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018. Vol. 72, no 3, p. 283-304
Keywords [en]
baby boom, cohort fertility, childlessness, education, Europe, United States
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152352DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2018.1498223ISI: 000456729900001PubMedID: 30280973Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85054371362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152352DiVA, id: diva2:1253099
Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, Glenn

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  • apa
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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