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Intersectional inequities by gender and income in physical inactivity: A cross-sectional study in Northern Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Physical inactivity is a major public health concern. Gender and income are highly relevant social determinants of health inequities. Social inequities in physical inactivity have traditionally been investigated by a classical approach which is not well suited in capturing the complexity of health inequities. Thereby, an intersectionality approach is required in order to obtain a deeper understanding of physical inactivity inequities.

Aim: The overall aim of this study is to investigate intersectional inequities by gender and income in physical inactivity in northern Sweden.

Methods: Population-based cross-sectional data were used from the regional public health survey Health on Equal Terms in northern Sweden. Men and women in the age of 16-84 participated in the study with a total of 23,932 individuals. Risk factors from sociodemographic variables were first analysed in a classical relative approach. Thereafter, in an intersectional approach, gender and income were combined into ten intersectional groups to obtain the relative and absolute intersectional inequities in physical inactivity.

Results: Men with the lowest income was the group of highest risk and absolute difference (PR=1.55; CI 1.30-1.83, AD=5.91; CI 3.61-8.21) of physical inactivity followed by the group of women with the lowest income (PR=1.53; CI 1.30-1.80, AD=5.36; CI 3.38-7.34), compared to women with the highest income. With lower income, the risk of being physically inactive increased among both men and women.

Conclusion: This thesis provides new findings in the field of social inequities in physical inactivity. The use of the intersectional approach resulted in detection of the gradient income effect on physical inactivity among men and among women. In the context of northern Sweden, men and women with the lowest income were in greatest risk of being physically inactive. The presenting inequities in physical inactivity by income and gender highlight the importance of interventions promoting physical activity towards low-income groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341X ; 2018:17
Keywords [en]
Inequities by gender, income, physical inactivity, Northern Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152672DiVA, id: diva2:1256583
External cooperation
Hälsa på lika villkor - Norrbottens, Västerbottens, Västernorrlands, och Jämtlands/Härjedalens läns landsting
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health (one-year)
Presentation
2018-05-22, Caring Science building, Room B302, Umeå University, Umeå, 14:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-17 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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