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Landscape planning: paving the way for effective conservation of forest biodiversity and a civerse forestry?
Uppsala Universitet.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics. Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 90183 Umeå, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6540-743X
SLU.
Uppsala Universitet.
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2018 (English)In: Forestry (London), ISSN 0015-752X, E-ISSN 1464-3626, Vol. 9, no 9, article id 523Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Globally, intensive forestry has led to habitat degradation and fragmentation of the forest landscape. Taking Sweden as an example, this development is contradictory to international commitments, EU obligations, and to the fulfillment of the Parliament’s environmental quality objective “Living Forests”, which according to Naturvårdsverket (The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency) will not be achieved in 2020 as stipulated. One important reason for the implementation deficit is the fragmented forestry management. In a forest landscape, felling and other measures are conducted at different times on separate forest stands (often relatively small units) by different operators. Consequently, the authorities take case by case decisions on felling restrictions for conservation purposes. In contrast, conservation biology research indicates a need for a broad geographical and strategical approach in order to, in good time, select the most appropriate habitats for conservation and to provide for a functioning connectivity between different habitats. In line with the EU Commission, we argue that landscape forestry planning could be a useful instrument to achieve ecological functionality in a large area. Landscape planning may also contribute to the fulfilment of Sweden’s climate and energy policy, by indicating forest areas with insignificant conservation values, where intensive forestry may be performed for biomass production etc. Forest owners should be involved in the planning and would, under certain circumstances, be entitled to compensation. As state resources for providing compensation are scarce, an alternative could be to introduce a tax-fund system within the forestry sector. Such a system may open for voluntary agreements between forest owners for the protection of habitats within a large area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018. Vol. 9, no 9, article id 523
Keywords [en]
biodiversity, boreal forest, landscape planning, fragmentation, habitat protection, habitats directive, birds directive, Aichi targets, compensation, tax-fund
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152755DOI: 10.3390/f9090523OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152755DiVA, id: diva2:1257610
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, DNR 15/243Available from: 2018-10-22 Created: 2018-10-22 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Bostedt, Göran

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