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Improvements in adiponectin and insulin response in overweight young females and males to a 7 week period of combined aerobic and resistance training
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine. (PROHEALTH)
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes is of paramount importance as this metabolic disease is associated to life-threatening complications and diseases implicated in premature death. The aim of this study was to investigate metabolic adaptations to exercise-training in overweight young females and males. The intervention consisted of 7 weeks of moderate to high intensity aerobic-training combined with resistance-training, without calorie restrictions, including pre and post-tests. The major result was a significant increase in adiponectin by an average of 27% (95% CI [0.10, 0.84], p=0.006, d=0.65) and a significant decrease in the late phase (30-60 min) insulin response to an oral macronutrient load by an average of 16% (95% CI [-68, -8], p=0.009, d=-0.66), despite no change in body weight. Tests of correlations indicated that improvements in metabolic health were associated to participating in the study, rather than to improvements in body composition and/or cardiorespiratory fitness. Females received major improvements in metabolic health compare to the males. However, a heterogeneous degree of metabolic adaptation to the intervention made it difficult to draw any definitive conclusions. Conclusively, it seem that a 7 week period of exercise-training can improve metabolic health assessed by adiponectin and insulin response in overweight young adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
insulin resistance, sex, obesity, primary prevention, resistance training, cardiorespiratory fitness
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152778OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152778DiVA, id: diva2:1258114
Educational program
Master program in Sports Medicine
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Projects
PROHEALTHAvailable from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf