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Comparison of Dust Impact and Solitary Wave Signatures Detected by Multiple Electric Field Antennas Onboard the MMS Spacecraft
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics. National I nstitute of Polar Research, Tachikawa, Japan; Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2177-0955
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 123, no 8, p. 6119-6129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dust impact detection by electric field instruments is a relatively new method. However, the influence of dust impacts on electric field measurements is not completely understood and explained. A better understanding is very important for reliable dust impact identification, especially in environments with low dust impact rate. Using data from Earth-orbiting Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS) spacecraft, we present a study of various pulses detected simultaneously by multiple electric field antennas in the monopole (probe-to-spacecraft potential measurement) and dipole (probe-to-probe potential measurement) configurations. The study includes data obtained during an impact of a millimeter-sized object. We show that the identification of dust impacts by a single antenna is a very challenging issue in environments where solitary waves are commonly present and that some pulses can be easily misinterpreted as dust impacts. We used data from multiple antennas to distinguish between changes in the spacecraft potential (dust impact) and structures in the ambient plasma or electric field. Our results indicate that an impact cloud is in some cases able to influence the potential of the electric field antenna during its expansion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2018. Vol. 123, no 8, p. 6119-6129
Keywords [en]
dust, solitary waves, electric field instruments, MMS, dust impacts
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152903DOI: 10.1029/2018JA025380ISI: 000445731300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152903DiVA, id: diva2:1259664
Funder
Swedish National Space Board, 110/14Available from: 2018-10-30 Created: 2018-10-30 Last updated: 2018-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Vaverka, JakubDe Spiegeleer, AlexandreHamrin, MariaNorberg, CarolPellinen-Wannberg, Asta

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Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics
Fusion, Plasma and Space PhysicsAstronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

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