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International lifestyle immigrants and their contributions to rural tourism innovation: Experiences from Sweden's far north
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History. The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia.
Umeå University, Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University. The Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8143-123x
2018 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 64, p. 230-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses the contributions of international lifestyle immigrants to new tourism development and innovation in the sparsely populated north of Sweden. Based on a qualitative case study, the paper examines how lifestyle immigrants contributed as tourism entrepreneurs to the formation of local capital in tourism, and stimulated local learning and innovation spillover through networks of interaction and collaboration. The theoretical framework integrates concepts from rural lifestyle migration, local community development, and local tourism innovation systems. The results document how immigrants emerged as important drivers of new tourism products, processes and markets, and introduced a range of new ideas, skills and external networks to the region. Yet, an in-depth social network analysis reveals that immigrants made more limited contributions to networks, collaborations and knowledge exchange with local tourism stakeholders, thus limiting learning outcomes and innovation spillover at a broader local system level. Reasons for this lack of systemic interaction included socio-cultural distance between immigrants and locals, limited levels of trust and reciprocity, diverging development and lifestyle priorities, and issues around exclusive immigrant networking. Finally, the relevance of the theoretical framework is discussed in relation to its applicability to other immigrant mobilities in sparsely populated rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 64, p. 230-240
Keywords [en]
International lifestyle migration, Lifestyle tourism entrepreneurs, Local tourism innovation system, Rural tourism, Social network analysis, Sparsely populated north
National Category
Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153358DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.08.004ISI: 000452566100023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028320959Local ID: 881251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153358DiVA, id: diva2:1263860
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-72Swedish Research Council Formas, 2015-260Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-344Available from: 2018-11-16 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Carson, Doris A.Carson, Dean B.

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